Saturday, August 29, 2015

Can I install Mac OS X on an SD storage device and use it as a startup volume?

This question came up at the last NCC-Mac meeting. It had me stumped, and I don't have a sufficiently large spare SD card to experiment on. Fortunately Apple Support has me covered. Take a look at "About the SD and SDXC card slot" for the answer to this question, and many more. (Spoiler below.)

Can I install Mac OS X on an SD storage device and use it as a startup volume?

Yes. Change the default partition table to GUID using Disk Utility, and format the card to use the Mac OS Extended file format to do so.

Thursday, August 27, 2015

Slideshow of August 2015 NCC-Mac Meeting

The procedure for repartitioning a drive is probably more complicated than what one might expect from Mac software. Here is a link to this month's slideshow, which shows each step in the process.

Outline of August 2015 NCC-Mac Meeting

NCC-Mac August 2015 Meeting

Announcements
If you're a new attendee, please give us your email address so you'll be able to get meeting announcements.
Some of Apple's software updated since our last meeting
Boot Camp Support Software 5.1.5722
This download contains the Windows Support Software (Windows Drivers) you need to support 64 bit versions of Windows 7 and Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 on your Mac.

For more information on which operating systems are supported on different Mac systems, click here: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5634

• The download file is a .zip file. Double click it to uncompress it,  if it is not automatically uncompressed.
• Double-click the Boot Camp5 folder.
• Copy the entire contents of the .zip file to the root level of a USB flash drive or hard drive that is formatted with the FAT file system
• When running Windows, locate the Boot Camp folder on the USB media you created in Step 3 and double click to open it.
• Double click on setup to start installing the Boot Camp Support Software.
• When prompted to allow changes, click on Yes and follow the onscreen instructions.
• Installation can take a few minutes. Don't interrupt the installation process. When installation is complete, click Finish in the dialog that appears.
• A system restart dialog box appears.  Click Yes to complete the installation. 

For more information on Boot Camp, click here: www.apple.com/support/bootcamp

Post Date: Aug 12, 2015

File Size: 273.7 MB

System Requirements
Boot Camp Support Software 5.1.5722
iMac (21.5-inch, Mid 2014)
Boot Camp Support Software 5.1.5769
This download contains the Windows Support Software (Windows Drivers) you need to support 64 bit versions of Windows 7 and Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 on your Mac.

For more information on which operating systems are supported on different Mac systems, click here: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5634

• The download file is a .zip file. Double click it to uncompress it,  if it is not automatically uncompressed.
• Double-click the Boot Camp5 folder.
• Copy the entire contents of the .zip file to the root level of a USB flash drive or hard drive that is formatted with the FAT file system
• When running Windows, locate the Boot Camp folder on the USB media you created in Step 3 and double click to open it.
• Double click on setup to start installing the Boot Camp Support Software.
• When prompted to allow changes, click on Yes and follow the onscreen instructions.
• Installation can take a few minutes. Don't interrupt the installation process. When installation is complete, click Finish in the dialog that appears.
• A system restart dialog box appears.  Click Yes to complete the installation. 

For more information on Boot Camp, click here: www.apple.com/support/bootcamp

Post Date: Aug 12, 2015

File Size: 542.3 MB

System Requirements
Boot Camp Support Software 5.1.5769
iMac (Retina 5K, 27-inch, Late 2014)
Mac Mini (Late 2014)
Security Update 2015-006 Mountain Lion
Security Update 2015-006 is recommended for all users and improves the security of OS X.

For detailed information about the security content of this update, please visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT1222

See http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5044 article for details on how to verify the authenticity of this download.

Post Date: Aug 13, 2015

File Size: 206 MB

System Requirements
 OS X Mountain Lion 10.8
Security Update 2015-006 Mavericks
Security Update 2015-006 is recommended for all users and improves the security of OS X.

For detailed information about the security content of this update, please visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT1222

See http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5044 article for details on how to verify the authenticity of this download.

Post Date: Aug 13, 2015

File Size: 257.2 MB

System Requirements
 OS X Mavericks 10.9
OS X Yosemite 10.10.5 Update
The OS X Yosemite 10.10.5 update improves the stability, compatibility, and security of your Mac, and is recommended for all users.

This update:
Improves compatibility with certain email servers when using Mail
Fixes an issue in Photos that prevented importing videos from GoPro cameras
Fixes an issue in QuickTime Player that prevented playback of Windows Media files

For detailed information about the security content of this update, please visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT201222

For more detailed information about this update, please visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT205004.
Security Content

For detailed information about the security content of this update, see Apple security updates.

See http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5044 article for details on how to verify the authenticity of this download.

Post Date: Aug 13, 2015

File Size: 1.02 GB

System Requirements
OS X Yosemite 10.10.4
Safari 8.0.8, 7.1.8, and 6.2.8
Apple has released Safari 7.1.8 for OS X 10.9 Mavericks and Safari 6.2.8 for 10.8 Mountain Lion, along with Safari 8.0.8 for 10.10 Yosemite (which is included in the just-released 10.10.5 update; see “OS X 10.10.5 Yosemite and iOS 8.4.1 Address Numerous Security Holes,” 14 August 2015). All three versions receive numerous security fixes, including an improved method of displaying the origins of prompts for user information, multiple memory corruption patches in WebKit, improved cookie handling, and a fix for a problem with caching HTTP authentication (which could carry over credentials entered in private browsing to regular browsing). Safari 7.1.8 and Safari 6.2.8 are available as standalone downloads via Software Update, while Safari 8.0.8 is available only within the 10.10.5 Yosemite update. (Free)
iTunes 12.2.2
This update includes the following improvements:

• Click on the Beats 1 banner to see what’s currently on, or view a complete broadcast schedule so you never miss a show
• You can now view a list of the artists you’re following on Apple Music
• Resolved an issue where iTunes loses its place when you go back to a previous page in Apple Music
• Addressed a problem where artists may be sorted incorrectly in My Music
• Fixed a problem where playlists displayed in the action menu may not match the playlists in your library
• Artists can now share thoughts, photos, music, and videos to Connect, right from iTunes

This update also includes improvements to overall stability and performance.
  
Post Date: Aug 13, 2015

File Size: OS X (233.2 MB ) Windows (110 MB)

System Requirements
OS X version 10.7.5 or later
400MB of available disk space
iTunes in the Cloud, iTunes Match, and iTunes Radio availability may vary by country
iTunes Extras require OS X version 10.10.3 or later
Windows 7 or later
64-bit editions of Windows 7 and Windows 8 require the iTunes 64-bit installer; for more information, visit www.itunes.com/download
400MB of available disk space
Screen reader support requires Window-Eyes 7.2 or later; for information about accessibility in iTunes, visit www.apple.com/accessibility 
iTunes is now a 64-bit application on 64-bit versions of Windows 8 and 7. Some third-party visualizers may no longer be compatible with this version of iTunes. Please contact the developer for an updated visualizer that is compatible with iTunes 12.1 or later
iTunes in the Cloud, iTunes Match, and iTunes Radio availability may vary by country
Apple Music requires OS X version 10.9.5 or later
iOS 8.4.1
This release includes improvements and fixes to Apple Music.

Resolves issues that could prevent turning on iCloud Music Library
Resolves an issue that hides added music because Apple Music was set to show offline music only
Provides a way to add songs to a new playlist if there aren’t any playlists to choose from
Resolves an issue that may show different artwork for an album on other devices
Resolves several issues for artists while posting to Connect
Fixes an issue where tapping Love doesn’t work as expected while listening to Beats 1

For information on the security content of this update, please visit this website:

Post Date: Aug 13, 2015

System Requirements
iPhone 4s or later
iPad 2 or later
iPad mini or later
iPod touch (5th gen)
Available via OTA and iTunes
iPod nano (7th generation) Version 1.0.4
For feature descriptions, important safety and handling information, and complete instructions, see the iPod nano User Guide at:

For more information about iPod nano, go to:

To troubleshoot your iPod, go to:
Digital Camera RAW Compatibility Update 6.06
This update adds RAW image compatibility for the following cameras to OS X Yosemite:

       • Canon PowerShot G3 X
       • Leica Q (Typ 116)
       • Panasonic LUMIX DMC-GX8
       • Sony Alpha ILCE-7R II
       • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 II
       • Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 IV

For more information on supported RAW formats, see https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT203088.

Post Date: Aug 17, 2015

File Size: 7.8 MB

System Requirements
OS X 10.10 or later
Wednesday, September 9
Apple media event scheduled for September 9 in San Francisco

updated 12:30 pm EDT, Thu August 27, 2015

'Hey Siri, give us a hint' headlines the invitation

Apple has officially invited media to its September 9 event at the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium in San Francisco. The heading for the event is "Hey Siri, give us a hint," referencing Apple's voice recognition and interpretation technology that may extend itself past the iPhone and iPad at the event in either OS X or other hardware.

The event is in fact being held at the larger civic auditorium, instead of the customary centers Apple has chosen in the past. Expected are new iPhones, a revamp of the iPad line, and iOS 9. Rumored are a new Apple TV, the official launch of OS X 10.11 El Capitan, and the iPad Pro.
The next meeting will be held Thursday, September 24, 2015, 4:30 PM at the Langlois Library.
(subject to confirmation)
How to repartition a flash drive for Mac-only use
Using SanDisk Cruzer as an example
In Disk Utility, select (single-click) the device with SanDisk Cruzer in its name.
From the row of buttons to the right, click Partition.
Under the Partition Layout popup menu, select 1 Partition.
Near the bottom of the panel, click the Options… button.
From the new panel that appears, select GUID Partition Table; click OK.
Farther to the right, select Mac OS Extended (journaled) from the Format: popup menu.
In the Name: field, enter the name you want your new volume to be.
Click the Apply button at the lower right of the panel.
When a verification panel appears, click Partition.
Wait.
Done. Have fun with your new Mac-partitioned flash drive.

Q&A, General Discussion

Sunday, August 23, 2015

NCC-Mac August 2015 Meeting Announcement

The next meeting of the North Curry County Macintosh Users is Thursday, August 27, 4:30 PM at the Langlois Library.

This month we have the answer to another question from the Peanut Gallery. Keep 'em coming.

Thursday, July 30, 2015

Slideshow of July 2015 NCC-Mac Meeting

This month's meeting had a little technical detail that may have gone by too fast for some. Here is a link to view the slides I used.

Outline of July 2015 NCC-Mac Meeting

NCC-Mac July 2015 Meeting

Announcements
If you're a new attendee, please give us your email address so you'll be able to get meeting announcements.
Some of Apple's software updated since our last meeting
iOS 8.4
This update introduces Apple Music—a revolutionary music service, 24/7 global radio, and a way for fans to connect with their favorite artists—all included in the redesigned Music app. iOS 8.4 also includes improvements for iBooks and bug fixes.

Apple Music

Become an Apple Music member to play from millions of songs in the Apple Music catalog, or keep them offline for playback later
For You: Members can see playlist and album recommendations, handpicked by music experts
New: Members can find the latest, greatest new music available—direct from our editors
Radio: Tune in to music, interviews, and exclusive radio shows on Beats 1, play radio stations created by our editors or create your own from any artist or song
Connect: See shared thoughts, photos, music, and videos from artists you follow, then join the conversation
My Music: Play from all of your iTunes purchases, songs from Apple Music, and playlists in one place
Completely redesigned music player that includes new features such as Recently Added, MiniPlayer, Up Next, and more
iTunes Store: Still the best place to buy your favorite music—one song or album at a time
Availability and features may vary by country
iBooks improvements and fixes

Browse, listen and download audiobooks from inside iBooks
Enjoy the all-new Now Playing feature, designed specifically for audiobooks
Books that are Made for iBooks now work on iPhone in addition to iPad
Find and pre-order books in a series right from your library
Improves accessibility of widgets, glossary and navigation in books made with iBooks Author
New default Chinese font
New setting to turn off Auto-Night theme in your library
Resolves an issue that may have prevented Hide Purchases from working
Resolves an issue that may have prevented downloading books from iCloud
Other improvements and bug fixes

Fixes an issue where receiving a specific series of Unicode characters causes device to reboot
Fixes an issue that prevented GPS accessories from providing location data
Fixes an issue where deleted Apple Watch apps could re-install
For information on the security content of this update, please visit this website:

Post Date: Jun 30, 2015

System Requirements
iPhone 4s or later
iPad 2 or later
iPad mini or later
iPod touch (5th gen)
Available via OTA and iTunes
Mac EFI Security Update 2015-001
Improves security of Mac systems by addressing an issue where EFI could potentially be overwritten without authorization.

For more information on the security content of this update see https://support.apple.com/kb/HT204934

Post Date: Jun 30, 2015

File Size: 105.4 MB

System Requirements
OS X 10.8.5 
OS X 10.9.5
Security Update 2015-005 Mountain Lion
Security Update 2015-005 is recommended for all users and improves the security of OS X.

For detailed information about the security content of this update, please visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT1222

See http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5044 article for details on how to verify the authenticity of this download.

Post Date: Jun 30, 2015

File Size: 216. MB

System Requirements
 OS X Mountain Lion 10.8
Security Update 2015-005 Mavericks
Security Update 2015-005 is recommended for all users and improves the security of OS X.

For detailed information about the security content of this update, please visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT1222

See http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5044 article for details on how to verify the authenticity of this download.

Post Date: Jun 30, 2015

File Size: 168.1 MB

System Requirements
 OS X Mavericks 10.9
OS X Yosemite 10.10.4 Update
The OS X Yosemite 10.10.4 update improves the stability, compatibility, and security of your Mac, and is recommended for all users.

This update:

- Improves networking reliability
- Improves Migration Assistant reliability
- Addresses an issue that prevented certain external monitors from functioning properly
- Improves the reliability of upgrading iPhoto and Aperture libraries to Photos
- Improves reliability when syncing photos and videos to iCloud Photo Library
- Addresses an issue that caused Photos to quit unexpectedly after importing some Leica DNG files
- Resolves an issue that could delay outgoing email messages in Mail
- Fixes an issue where a website could prevent the user from navigating away by presenting repeated JavaScript alerts in Safari

For more detailed information about this update, please visit: http://support.apple.com/kb/HT204928 .
Security Content

For detailed information about the security content of this update, see Apple security updates.

See http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5044 article for details on how to verify the authenticity of this download.


Post Date: Jun 30, 2015

File Size: 1.09 GB

System Requirements
OS X Yosemite 10.10.3
Xcode 6.4
Jun 30 '15
Mac OS Developer Tools

What's New
Xcode 6.4 adds support for iOS 8.4

Xcode 6.4 includes Swift 1.2 and SDKs for OS X 10.10 Yosemite and iOS 8.4
GarageBand 10.1
Jun 30 '15
Mac OS Music

What's New
• 10 new Drummers that produce beats in a variety of electronic music and Hip Hop styles including House, Trap, Techno, Dubstep and more
• Over 100 EDM and Hip Hop-inspired synthesizer Patches featuring the new Transform Pad Smart Control for sound morphing
• Record the movements of software instrument Smart Controls to capture performances of effect and tone adjustments
• 1,000 new Apple Loops from a variety of popular instruments and genres including EDM, Hip Hop, Indie, Disco, Funk, and Blues
• Share directly from GarageBand to Apple Music Connect*
• Adds support for Force Touch trackpad
• Resolves an issue which prevented the export of long recordings
• Contains multiple enhancements to Accessibility

* Requires Apple Music Connect account.
GarageBand 2.0.7
Jun 30 '15
iOS Universal Music

What's New
• Share directly from GarageBand to Apple Music Connect*
• Stability improvements and bug fixes

* Requires Apple Music Connect account.
Safari 8.0.7, 7.1.7, 6.2.7
Apple has released Safari 8.0.7 for OS X 10.10 Yosemite, along with Safari 7.1.7 for 10.9 Mavericks and Safari 6.2.7 for 10.8 Mountain Lion, with all three receiving improved performance thanks to a reduction in Safari’s memory usage, as well as a fix for an issue that enabled a Web site to prevent you from navigating away from a page using JavaScript alerts. Additionally, the three versions of Safari receive several security fixes, including one for an issue with PDF-embedded links that could lead to cookie theft or user information leakage, and others for vulnerabilities associated with WebKit page loading and WebSQL database access. All three versions of Safari are available only via Software Update. (Free)
Keynote 2.5.4
Jul 07 '15
iOS Universal Productivity

What's New
• Resolves an issue that prevented proper navigation and editing with VoiceOver
Pages 2.5.4
Jul 07 '15
iOS Universal Productivity

What's New
• Resolves an issue that prevented proper navigation and editing with VoiceOver
• Resolves an issue where turning on Speak Screen blurred text on some devices
Numbers 2.5.4
Jul 07 '15
iOS Universal Productivity

What's New
• Resolves an issue that prevented proper navigation and editing with VoiceOver
Digital Camera RAW Compatibility 6.05
This update adds RAW image compatibility for the following cameras to OS X Yosemite:

    Canon EOS M3
    Fujifilm X-T10
    Fujifilm XQ1
    Fujifilm XQ2
    Leica M Monochrom (Typ 246)
    Nikon 1 J5
    Nikon D810A
    Olympus STYLUS SH-2
    Olympus STYLUS TG-4 Tough 
    Panasonic LUMIX DMC-G7

For more information on supported RAW formats, see http://support.apple.com/kb/HT6476.

Post Date: Jul 9, 2015

File Size: 7.8 MB

System Requirements
OS X 10.10 or later
iTunes 12.2.1
What’s new in iTunes
This update addresses the following problems when using iTunes Match or Apple Music:

• Fixes an issue for iTunes Match users where iTunes incorrectly changed some songs from Matched to Apple Music.
• Provides a way to correct a library problem affecting former iTunes Match subscribers.
• Includes minor bug fixes and improvements for Beats 1.

The previous version of iTunes introduced Apple Music — all the ways you love music, all in one place.

Apple Music includes a revolutionary music service, the all-new Beats 1 live radio station, and an exciting new way for fans to connect with their favorite artists. Become a member to play from millions of songs in the Apple Music catalog, or keep them offline for playback later. Join now — your first three months are free. This update includes:

For You. Get playlist and album recommendations you’ll love, selected just for you based on your musical tastes. The more you listen, the better For You gets.

New. Discover the best new music, handpicked by our music editors. Explore mixes created just for activities like exercising, or find great handcrafted playlists in a wide variety of genres. With Apple Music, you’ll always have the perfect soundtrack for any occasion.

Connect. A single place to connect with your favorite artists. See thoughts, photos, music, and videos shared from your favorite artists. You can comment on or love anything an artist has posted, and the artist can respond to you directly.

Beats 1. Tune in to Beats 1, broadcast live from cities around the globe. Enjoy music, interviews, exclusive radio shows, and the best of what’s going on in the world of music. Beats 1 — worldwide and always on.

Apple Music Radio. Radio has been completely redesigned. Play from Featured Stations, where our music experts hand select every song you hear. Or, start a new station from any artist or song. In addition, it’s now easy to quickly return to your favorite stations with Recently Played.

My Music. Find all your music in one place, including iTunes purchases, music you’ve imported from CD, and now songs from Apple Music.

iTunes Store. The iTunes Store is still the best place to buy your favorite music — one song or album at a time.

Availability and features may vary by country

Post Date: Jul 13, 2015

File Size: OS X (XX MB ) Windows (XX MB)

System Requirements
OS X version 10.7.5 or later
400MB of available disk space
iTunes in the Cloud, iTunes Match, and iTunes Radio availability may vary by country
iTunes Extras require OS X version 10.10.3 or later
Windows 7 or later
64-bit editions of Windows 7 and Windows 8 require the iTunes 64-bit installer; for more information, visit www.itunes.com/download
400MB of available disk space
Screen reader support requires Window-Eyes 7.2 or later; for information about accessibility in iTunes, visit www.apple.com/accessibility 
iTunes is now a 64-bit application on 64-bit versions of Windows 8 and 7. Some third-party visualizers may no longer be compatible with this version of iTunes. Please contact the developer for an updated visualizer that is compatible with iTunes 12.1 or later
iTunes in the Cloud, iTunes Match, and iTunes Radio availability may vary by country
Apple Music requires OS X version 10.9.5 or later
Mac mini EFI Firmware Update v1.8

This update is recommended for Mac mini (late 2012) models. This update addresses an issue that may prevent a USB keyboard from being recognized after the system wakes from sleep.

Post Date: Jul 15, 2015

File Size: 4.8 MB

System Requirements
OS X Mountain Lion v10.8.5
OS X Mavericks v10.9.5
OS X Yosemite v10.10.4 and later
Java for OS X 2015-001
Java for OS X 2015-001 installs the legacy Java 6 runtime for OS X 10.11 El Capitan, OS X 10.10 Yosemite, OS X 10.9 Mavericks, OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion, and OS X 10.7 Lion.

This package is exclusively intended for support of legacy software and installs the same deprecated version of Java 6 included in the 2014-001 and 2013-005 releases. Quit any Java applications before installing this update.

Please quit any Java applications before installing this update.

See http://support.apple.com/kb/HT6133  for more details about this update.

See http://support.apple.com/kb/HT1222 for information about the security content of this update.

Keep your software up to date. If you need Java, download the latest version of Java for OS X directly from Oracle https://www.java.com

NOTE: Older versions may be found at:  http://support.apple.com/kb/DL1829

Post Date: Jul 22, 2015

File Size: 63.98 MB
MacBook Pro Flash Storage Firmware Update 1.0
This update is recommended for MacBook Pro (mid 2015) models. This update addresses a storage firmware issue that, in rare cases, may cause data corruption.

Post Date: Jul 22, 2015

File Size: 1.9 MB

System Requirements
MacBook Pro (mid 2015) models.
FaceTime Camera Driver Update
This update improves FaceTime camera compatibility with Windows, and is recommended for all Boot Camp users.

Post Date: Jul 29, 2015

File Size: 1.4 MB

System Requirements
MacBook (Retina, 12-inch, Early 2015)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 13-inch, Early 2015)
MacBook Air (11-inch, Early 2015)
MacBook Air (13-inch, Early 2015)
MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Mid 2015) -the name for 11,4 and 11,5
New iPods
Adware Medic utility has been acquired by Malwarebytes
What a horrible name
The next meeting will be held Thursday, August 27, 2015, 4:30 PM at the Langlois Library.
(subject to confirmation)
Six Ways to Open Documents
…and the problem of “default” applications
(General case. Not all these methods work for every document type or application.)
From application’s File menu, select Open… (or Open Recent)
In Finder, Drag document icon over application’s icon
…until application’s icon highlights, then let go
Drag document icon to application’s Dock icon
…until Dock icon highlights, then let go
Right-Click (or Control-Click) document icon and select Open or Open With
Open chooses “default” application
From  menu > Recent Items, scroll down to Documents, choose one
Opens document in “default” application
Double-Click Document icon
Opens document in “default” application
But what if you launch the wrong “default” application?
Select (Single-Click) document’s icon in Finder
Choose File > Get Info (or ⌘I)
In Open with: popup menu, select desired application
Click Change All… button (if desired)
 Music for Old People
How to hide it
iTunes
iTunes > Preferences… > General; uncheck Shoe Apple Music; verify
iTunes > Preferences… Parental; check Apple Music Connect
iOS
Settings > Music; switch off Show Apple Music
Do NOT Join Apple Music
Settings > General > Restrictions; Enable Restrictions; Enter Passcode
Settings > General > Restrictions; switch off Apple Music Connect
If you signed up for the free trial, but don’t want to start automatic $10 monthly subscription…
 MUSIC: Turn Off Auto Renewal — With the three-month free trial, Apple is being generous, but also sort of sneaky, since by default, the company will begin charging you automatically once your trial is over.

Whew, that was a surprising number of steps! Whatever happened to “no step three?”

Note that even if you do not decide to stick with Apple Music, Beats 1 and Connect are free, and will remain available.
iTunes
Choose Account > View Account.
Under Settings, find Subscriptions, and click the corresponding Manage link.
Click Edit, to the right of Your Membership.
Under Automatic Renewal, select Off.
Click Done.
iOS
Open the Music app and tap the head icon in the upper left.
Tap View Apple ID.
Enter your Apple ID password.
Under Subscriptions, tap Manage.
Tap Your Membership, which should show an Active status.
Disable Automatic Renewal.

Q&A, General Discussion